After 20 years, research in 114 countries reveals continued severe disparity between representation of women and men in news media
Progress towards equality of men and women in the news media has virtually ground to a halt according to the fifth and largest study on the portrayal and representation of women in the news media.
Extensive results of the Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) released 23 November show that, worldwide, women make up about 50% of the general population but only 24% of the persons heard, read about or seen in newspaper, television and radio news, exactly the same level found in the 2010 report.
Women’s relative invisibility in traditional news media has also crossed over into digital news delivery platforms. Only 26% of the people in Internet news stories and media news Tweets combined are women.
The GMMP is a project of the communications advocacy agency WACC, with support from UN Women. The first such survey of gender portrayal in news media was conducted in 1995, and at five year intervals after that. GMMP 2015 is the largest research and advocacy initiative in the world on gender equality in and through the news. UN Women has supported the survey twice consecutively.
“The media have the potential to be an enabler of faster, more substantive gender equality and women’s empowerment, or a barrier to it. This report is a wake-up call to media houses and newsrooms. Gender discrimination deprives media coverage of the balance and authority that diverse perspectives bring,” said UN Under-Secretary-General and UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka. “The ways in which women are depicted in the media have a profound effect on societal attitudes and reinforce traditional gender roles. Women and girls are half of humanity. Giving equal time and weight to their stories, featuring them as positive models not victims, plays an under-appreciated part in creating a better, freer world for all of us.”
NASSAU, Bahamas -- Executives of the Democratic National Alliance, including party leader Branville McCartney and Deputy Leader Chris Mortimer met on 12th November, 2015 with Parliamentary Commissioner Sherlyn Hall and his assistant Geoffrey McPhee where they held productive discussions on key matters relative to the role of the department in the upcoming general election.
As we continue to grow and develop our democracy it is critical that we pay special attention to loopholes which leave the process vulnerable to fraud. As part of its push towards electoral reform the Democratic National Alliance is interested in moving the country’s democratic process into the 21st century. During that sit-down, the party’s leadership discussed ways to improve the process through the use of technology and the introduction of a more proportional voting system which would decide our Parliamentary makeup by allocating seats on the basis of the number of votes each party received.
The DNA remains wholly committed to securing our country’s democracy for future generations. Electoral Reform is the first step in that direction.
The past four decades of Bahamian Democracy reads like a case study for the need for electoral reform. Our current political environment has done little to truly grow our democracy. Instead, it has created generations of Bahamians who are detached from the political process; who are distrusting of government agencies and people who feel like third class citizens in their own country; all the while breeding an unparalleled level of corruption which excludes persons not closely affiliated with the government of the day from any or all opportunities which should be afforded to every Bahamian.
This level of “ELECT-YLE DYSFUNCTION” is a product of policies that have failed to forge a firm, more hopeful, 21st century Bahamas. With just over a year before Bahamians head back to the Polls, the time has come for this government to take real steps toward addressing deficiencies in the process and move our democracy into the 21st century.
It goes without saying that the system we currently use to elect our MPs has a real impact on our still developing nation but not in a way that benefits the widest cross section of Bahamians. As part of sweeping electoral reforms the Democratic National Alliance proposes a move towards a more proportional voting system which would decide our Parliamentary makeup by allocating seats on the basis of the number of votes each party received as opposed to the current ‘winner takes all’ approach to elections that currently exists. In its current state, our political environment discounts the votes of thousands of Bahamians and as we saw in the last election, elected a group of individuals into office who did not receive the vast majority of the votes. WE CANNOT continue to promote a system which allows one individual to speak for the many with support from the few.
As a forensic accountant having analyzed a considerable amount of employee fraud matters, I have found among them a shared theme: all could have easily been prevented. The simple truth is that most frauds that affect businesses are, well, simple. This article details cash concepts that provide the framework for fraud prevention.
CONTROL THE CASH
The best way to prevent a fraud involving cash theft is to have a no-cash policy. While not practical for brick-and-mortar retail stores, service companies should give utmost consideration to a no-cash policy. For example, the majority of frauds I have investigated at doctors’ offices involve an employee stealing cash from co-payments. A no-cash policy eliminates this problem at its root. In today’s age of debit cards, credit cards and the like, a no-cash policy would seemingly not affect most customers. If a no-cash policy is not practical, there are other options to control cash. First, companies should make it a practice to deposit all cash receipts several times per week, if not daily. Keeping cash on the premises serves as a magnet for filching employees. Also, company owners, or a high-level employee, should review the bank-generated deposit tickets. A review of the deposit receipt will reveal red flags in the form of little or no cash deposits. I investigated a fraud in which the bookkeeper did not deposit a single cash receipt for months. The deposit receipts clearly told the story; had these been reviewed, it would have saved the company from losing six figures.